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动物饲料防霉的方法

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动物饲料防霉的方法

发布日期:2015-11-13 13:09 来源:http://www.zdslgs.com 点击:

   改善贮藏条件,抑制霉菌生长 饲料霉变多数是在贮藏过程中发生的,因此,在贮藏过程中采用防霉技术是防止饲料霉变的重要措施。①物理防霉法。主要有控制贮藏环境的温度、密闭隔氧贮藏、气调贮藏、低温通风贮藏以及辐射法等。②化学防霉法。就是在饲料中添加防霉剂。目前饲料生产企业用量最多的是丙酸及其盐类,其次是山梨酸及其盐类。

   Improve the storage conditions that inhibit fungal growth most moldy feed is happened in the process of storage. Therefore, in the process of storage by anti mildew technique is to prevent moldy feed of important measures. The physical method of mildew. The temperature of the storage environment is mainly controlled by the temperature of the storage environment, the storage of oxygen storage, the storage of the atmosphere, the storage of the low temperature and the radiation method. The chemical method of mildew. Is to add fungicide in feed. At present, the amount of feed production enterprises is the largest amount of acid and its salts, followed by the acid and its salts.

  实行科学的种植和收获技术 试验表明,从花生中分离出的黄曲霉有80%~90%能产生毒素,高于从其他作物中分离出的黄曲霉。所以,在连续种植花生的地块里,花生受黄曲霉的污染率较高,其黄曲霉毒素的含量也较高。破碎的花生易污染黄曲霉,也有利于毒素的生成,如果采取轮作的种植技术和科学的收获方法,可降低霉菌毒素的污染。另外,收获和贮运过程中应尽量避免虫咬、鼠啃、磨压,避免玉米、花生等谷物饲料的表皮和外壳受损,破碎的籽粒应除去。

   Experiments on the cultivation and harvesting of Science showed that 80% ~ 90% of the yellow aspergillus isolated from the peanut could produce toxin, which was higher than that from other crops. Therefore, in the continuous cultivation of peanut plots, the high pollution rate of peanut by Aspergillus niger, the content of its aflatoxin is also higher. The broken peanut is easy to pollute the yellow aspergillus, and it is also beneficial for the production of toxin. If we take the cultivation technique and the scientific method, it can reduce the pollution of the mould. Also during harvest, storage and transportation should try to avoid insect bites, rat bite, grinding pressure, to avoid damage to the epidermis and shell of corn, peanuts and other feed grains and broken grains should be removed.

  严格控制贮藏饲料的水分含量 引起饲料霉变的主要因素有湿度、温度和氧气浓度。如果能控制好湿度,3.就可有效地防止饲料霉变。一般情况下,把水分控制在安全线以下是最简便易行的贮藏方法。饲料作物收获以后应迅速进行干燥,且必须保证干燥一致。水分控制量,稻谷在13%以下、玉米在12.5%以下、花生在8%以下。

   The moisture content of the feed storage and strictly control the main factors causing mildew with humidity, temperature and oxygen concentration. If we can control the humidity, 3 can effectively prevent mildew. Under normal circumstances, the water control in the safety line is the most simple method of storage. Feed crops should be dry and dry, and must be guaranteed to be consistent. The amount of water control, the rice in the following 13%, corn under 12.5%, the peanuts in 8%.


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相关标签:环友饲料

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